Whether you want to breed, show, or just want a house pet, you
should be award of the breeds standards.
Recently, a new set of standards was approved by the PCA, and the AKC.
Here they are:
The Pekingese is a well-balanced, compact dog with heavy front and
lighter hindquarters. It must suggest its Chinese origin in its directness,
independence, individuality and expression. Its image is lionlike. It
should imply courage, boldness and self-esteem rather than prettiness,
daintiness or delicacy.
SIZE, SUBSTANCE, PROPORTION:
Size/Substance: The Pekingese should be surprisingly heavy when
lifted. It has a stocky, muscular body. The bone of the forequarters
must be very heavy in relation to the size of the dog. All weights are
correct within the limit of 14 pounds, provided that type and points
are not sacrificed.
Proportion: The length of the body, from the front of the breast
bone in a straight line to the buttocks, is slightly greater than the
height at the withers. Overall balance is of utmost importance.
Skull: The topskull is massive, broad and flat (not dome-shaped).
The topskull, the high, wide cheek bones, broad lower jaw and wide chin
are the structural formation of the correctly shaped face. When viewed
frontally, the skull is wider than deep and contributes to the rectangular
envelope-shaped appearance of the head. In profile, the Pekingese face
must be flat. The chin, nose leather and brow all lie in one plane.
In the natural position of the head, this plane appears vertical but
slants very slightly backward from chin to forehead.
Nose: It is black, broad, very short and in profile, contributes
to the flat appearance of the face. Nostrils are open. The nose is positioned
between the eyes so that a line drawn horizontally across the top of
the nose intersects the center of the eyes.
Eyes: They are large, very dark, round, lustrous and set wide
apart. The look is bold, not bulging. The eye rims are black and the
white of the eye does not show when the dog is looking straight ahead.
Wrinkle: It effectively separates the upper and lower areas of
the face. The appearance is of a hair covered fold in the skin, extending
from one cheek, over the bridge of the nose in a wide inverted "V",
to the other cheek. It is NEVER so prominent or heavy as to crowd the
facial features nor to obscure a large portion of the eyes or the nose
Stop: It is deep. The bridge of the nose is completely obscured
from view by hair and/or the over-nose wrinkle.
Muzzle: This is very short and broad with high, wide cheek bones.
The color of the skin is black. Whiskers add to the Oriental expression.
Mouth: The lower jaw is slightly undershot. The lips meet on
a level plane and neither teeth nor tongue show when the mouth is closed.
The lower jaw is strong, wide, firm and straight across at the chin.
An excessively strong chin is as undesirable as a weak one.
Ears: They are heart-shaped and set on the front corners of the
skull extending the line of the topskull. Correctly placed ears frame
the sides of the face and with their heavy feathering create an illusion
of additional width of the head.
Pigment: The skin of the nose, lips and eye rims is BLACK on
NECK, BODY AND TAIL:
Neck: It is very short, thick and set back into the shoulder.
Body: This pear-shaped and compact. It is heavy in front with
well-sprung ribs slung between the forelegs. The broad chest with little
or no protruding breast bone, tapers to lighter loins with a distinct
waist The topline is level.
Tail: The base is set high; the remainder is carried well over
the center of the back. Long, profuse straight feather may fall to either
Forequarters: They are short, thick and heavy-boned. The bones
of the forelegs are slightly bowed between the pastern and the elbow.
Shoulders are gently laid back and fit smoothly into the body. The elbows
are always close to the body. Front feet are large, flat and turned
slightly out. The dog must stand well up on feet.
Hindquarters: They are lighter in bone than the forequarters.
There is moderate angulation and definition of stifle and hock. When
viewed from behind, the rear legs are reasonably close and parallel
and the feet point straight ahead.
SOUNDNESS IS ESSENTIAL IN BOTH FOREQUARTERS AND HINDQUARTERS.
Body Coat: It is full-bodies, with long, coarse textured, straight,
stand-off coat and thick, softer undercoat. The coat forms a noticeable
mane on the neck and shoulder area with the coat on the remainder of
the body somewhat shorter in length. A long and profuse coat is desirable
providing that it does not obscure the shapeliness of the body, nor
sacrifice the correct coat texture.
Feathering: Long feathering is found on the back on the thighs
and forelegs, and on the ears, tail and toes. The feathering is left
on the toes, but should not be so long as to prevent free movement.
All coat colors and markings, including parti-colors, are allowable
and of equal merit.
The gait is unhurried and dignified, with a slight roll over the shoulders.
The rolling gait is caused by the bowed front legs and heavier, wider
forequarters pivoting on the tapered waist and the lighter, straight
parallel hindquarters. The rolling motion is smooth and effortless and
is as free as possible from bouncing, prancing or jarring.
A combination of regal dignity, self-importance, self-confidence and
exasperating stubbornness make for a good natured, lively and affectionate
companion to those who have earned its respect.
THE FOREGOING IS A DESCRIPTION OF THE IDEAL PEKINGESE. Any deviation
should be penalized in direct proportion to the extent of that deviation.
FAULTS TO BE NOTED:
- Dudley, liver or grey nose
- Light brown, yellow, or blue eyes
- Protruding tongue or teeth
- Overshot upper jaw
- Wry mouth
- Ears set much too high, low or far back
- Roach or sway back
- Straight-boned forelegs
Weight over 14 pounds.
- Expression: 5
- Skull: 10
- Nose: 5
- Eyes: 5
- Stop: 5
- Ears: 5
- Muzzle: 5
- Shape of Body: 20
- Legs & Feet: 15
- Coat, Feather & Condition: 10
- Tail: 5
- Action: 10
- TOTAL: 100
** Here's a few extras **
Expression: Must suggest the Chinese origin of the Pekingese
in its quaintness and individuality, resemblance to the lion in directions
and independence and should imply courage, boldness, self-esteem and
combativeness rather than prettiness, daintiness or delicacy. Small,
well-balanced thickset dog
Actions: Fearless, free and strong, with slight roll.
Mane: Profuse, extending beyond shoulder blades, forming ruff
or frill round the neck.
Colors: All colors are allowable: Red, fawn, black, black and
tan, sable, brindle, white and parti-color well defined black mask,
(WHITE is the exception), spectacles around the eyes, with lines to
ears are desirable.
Parti-color: (Defined) The coloring of a parti-colored dog must
be broken on the body. No large portion of any one color should exist.
White should be shown on the saddle. A dog of any solid color with white
feet and chest is NOT a pari-color dog.
Size: A toy dog, medium size is preferred, extreme limit: 14